Necropolis

Sarcophagus with relief decoration from Ratiaria

The necropolises of Ratiaria have never been subject of systematic research. The number of the finds derived from cemeteries, however, is significant. Most famous are the characteristic only for Ratiaria sarcophagi with plastic decoration, two of which are now exposed in front of the historical museum in Vidin.

Tombstone from Ratiaria

The largest necropolis of Ratsiaria is located west of the fortress in locality "Parlozite". This necropolis was situated around the main road leading from the Danube limes to the Adriatic.

It is assumed that the other big necropolis was located in locality Babuia 1.5 km. away from the city. The treasure-hunter's holes at that place, however, show that the graves are located only in the eastern part of the site. In 2011, in the same area was found a votive inscription, proving that at the place existed religious facility. For the moment the interpretation of the site in locality Babuia remains unclear.

Tombstone from Ratiaria

The fins of burial facilities from Ratiaria and its surroundings show great diversity. There are known stone and lead sarcophagus, masonry brick and stone graves, arched, dual and four-chamber tombs and more. It is assumed that in 2-3 century was used the necropolis in locality "Parlozite" and territories around the two banks of the river Archaritsa. In 3rd and 4th centuries can be found arched tombs located quite far from the city walls. This indicates that after the proclamation of Ratiaria for capital of the newly established province, the town expanded considerably. In the 5th and 6th century Christian graves were found in the suburbs on both banks of the river.